A handicap race is a race in which the rating related weights of all horses weighted as per their ratings on a constant scale of rating related weights that are adjusted by the Handicapper and the weights so assigned in a race depends upon the lowest minimum top weight and the lowest minimum bottom weight that may be allotted in each race as specified in the rules of racing.
The rules of racing at B.T.C specifies 50.0 kilos as the lowest minimum bottom weight and 60.0 kilos as the lowest minimum top weight in all handicap races. The ratings of the horses are in numerical points where one point is equal to one half of a kilo each and the horses are classified into five consecutive rating related classes or groups of classes with rating bands.
And with overlapping of weights of 2.5 kilos in each class from the point of the lowest minimum top weight of 60.0 – 62.5 kilos in all the classes spread over five consecutive rating related classes the entire rating related scale of weights of 50.0 – 62.5 kilos has been compressed effectively into10 x5=50 +2.5 kilos or 20x5=100+5 points of half a kilo each in a constant scale of rating related weights.
Therefore the weights in all handicap races are allotted as per the ratings of the horses on a constant scale of rating related weights in the weight range of 50.00 – 62.5 kilos in each class with multi point overlapping of weights of 2.5 kilos from the point of the specified lowest minimum top weight of 60.0 – 62.5 kilos overlapping with that of the bottom weights of 50.0 – 52.5 of the next higher class in all the rating related classes on receipt of entries for a race and is adjusted by the handicapper as is specified in the rules of racing.
As such the weights of the lower class from the point of the specified lowest minimum top weight of 60.0 – 62.5 kilos with multi points overlapping of weights of 2.5 kilos overlaps with that of the weights of the next higher class from the point of the specified lowest minimum bottom weight of 50.0 – 52.5 kilos in all the rating related classes or groups with rating bands.
Conversely, the rating related weights of the higher class from the point of the specified lowest minimum bottom weight of 50.0 – 52.5 kilos with multi points overlapping of weights of 2.5 kilos overlaps with that of the weights of the next lower class from the point of the specified lowest minimum top weight of 60.0–62.5 kilos on a constant scale of rating related weights of 50.0  62.5 kilos in all the rating related classes or rating bands in which the horses are classified.
And that implies that the weight range in each class is 12.5 kilos in the rating related scale of weights of 50.0  62.5 kilos with overlapping of weights of 2.5 kilos and the equalizer of weights per class from one class to another is 10.0 kilos and that the ratings and the related weights of the horses are in sync with each other at all the points of the rating related weights in the scale of weights of 50.0 – 62.5 kilos in all the rating related classes.
Therefore the weights of horses goes down by 10.0 kilos when horses moves up with ratings on promotion from a lower class to the next higher class and the weights of horses goes up by 10.0 kilos when horses moves down with ratings on demotion from the higher class to the next lower class in all the rating related classes.
As such the rating band of each of the five rating related classes will be moving up progressively from the lowest rating related group or class of 025, 2045, 4065, 6085 and 80100 points and upwards at the point of lowest minimum top weight of 60.0 kilos and 80105 points and upwards at the point of the top weight of 62.5 kilos of the highest rating related class. Or the classification of the horses with rating bands can be for horses in class V rated up to 25, class IV rated up to 45, class III rated up to 65, class II rated up to 85 and class I rated 80  105 and upwards.
And the continuous ratings spread over five rating related groups or classes will be from 0 at the point of the lowest minimum bottom weight of 50.0 kilos of the lowest rating related group or class moving upwards progressively to 100 points at the point of lowest minimum top weight of 60.0 kilos and 105 points at the top weight of 62.5 of the highest rating related group or class.
And thereafter in the highest rating related class the ratings of the horses will continue upwards progressively in the same rating related class from the point of 62.5 kilos, if the ratings related weights of the horses so warrants and in the lowest rating related class the ratings of horses will continue downwards below the point of 50.0 kilos in the negative figures or in minus points if the rating related weights of the horses so warrants.
Obviously, the multi point overlapping system of weights effectively helps in compressing the ratings of all horses on the ground and optimizing the weight range of each class on a constant scale of rating related weights spread over number of rating related classes or groups of rating bands in which the horses are classified and that makes the movement of the horses with ratings in consecutive classes both ways easy and that in turn renders systemic lowering of weights at the handicap stage redundant and the weights are only raised to meet the criteria of lowest minimum top weight.
In other words, if the horses are classified into five rating related groups or classes and the ratings are in numerical points where one point is equal to half of a kilo each in the constant scale of rating related weights of 10.0 kilos in each class in the rating related weight scale of 50.0 – 60.0 kilos with single point overlapping of weights between one class to another then the rating band of each of the five rating related classes will be moving progressively from 50.0.0 kilos of the lowest rating related group or class of 020, 2040, 4060, 6080 and 80100 upwards at the point of 60.0 kilos 105 at the point of 62.5 kilos in the highest rating related class. And the entire rating related scale of weights will be 20x5=100+5 points of half of a kilo each or 10.0x5= 50+2.5 kilos.
And the continuous ratings spread over five rating related groups or classes will then be from 0 at the point of the lowest bottom weight of 50.0 kilos of the lowest rating related group or class moving upwards progressively to 105 points at the point of top weight of 62.5 kilos of the highest rating rated group or class and thereafter the ratings will continue upwards in the highest rating related group or class, if the ratings related weights of the horses, so warrants.
As such the rules of racing specifies, that in all Handicap races the lowest weight to be carried shall not be less than 50.0 kilos, excluding the allowance that which a jockey may claim. However the handicaps may be framed down to weights below 50.0 kilos.
Also the rules of racing further specifies that the lowest minimum top weight assigned in all handicap races shall not be less than 60.0 kilos and though the handicapper may handicap horses with higher weights than this minimum top weight as per their ratings, the weights shall be raised to 60.0 kilos only at the handicap stage if the rating related weight of the highest rated horse entered in that race is less than that, in order to meet the criteria of lowest minimum top weight.
And at the acceptance stage in the event of the weight of the highest rated Acceptor horse that accepts to run in a race is less than that of the specified lowest minimum top weight of 60.0 kilos the weights shall once again be raised to the specified lowest minimum top weight of 60.0 kilos and then the weights of other horses be raised relatively.
It is so in order to ensure that the highest rated horse entered in handicap race as also the horse that accepts to run in a race is at least the lowest rated horse of that rating related class and is allotted at least the lowest minimum top weight specified in the rules of racing and then the weights of other horses down the line are raised relatively.
As such horses are assigned the weights as related to their individual ratings in all handicap races on a constant scale of rating related weights at the handicap stage even though such weights are higher than the lowest minimum top weight of 60.0 kilos as per their ratings as is specified in the rules of racing in all the rating related classes.
And if the weight of the highest rated horse as related to its own ratings on the scale is less than that of the lowest minimum top weight of 60.0 kilos the same is raised to the specified lowest minimum top weight of 60.0 kilos and then the weights of all other horses down the line are also raised relatively.
And at the acceptance stage, if the weight of the top acceptor horse that accepts to run in a race is less than the lowest minimum top weight of 60.0 kilos specified in the rules of racing, the same is raised to 60.0 kilos and then the weights of all other horses in that race are raised relatively.
And it is so because the rating related system of weights are synchronised to the lowest minimum top weight and therefore the ratings of the horses and the weight differences between the horses remains the same unchanged and only the weights goes up in a rating related class if the weights are raised at any stage of handicapping as is specified in the rules of racing.
Also if the weights are lowered in a given rating related class at any stage of handicapping without lowering the individual ratings of all horses equally in sync with the weights allotted it only amounts to decoupling the overlapping of weights in the lower class and handicapping the horses in the next higher class by raising the rating related weights so as to meet the criteria of lowest minimum top weight in the higher class though the given race has been framed in the lower class wherein the weights are declared by lowering the rating related weights.
For instance, if the weights of horses weighted as per their ratings on the constant scale are lowered by 2.5 kilos in the lower class in which the race is framed it implies that the weights are raised by 7.5 kilos in the next higher class since the equalizer of weights per class is 10.0 kilos.
Therefore the rules of racing also specifies that there will be no lowering of weights in all handicap races at any stage of handicapping unless specified otherwise in the rules of racing or in the terms of conditions of the race and the weights will only be raised to meet the criteria of lowest minimum top weight.
None the less, in order to avoid variety of compulsions on the ground and also in an effort to preempt and minimize the adverse effect of rating related weights higher than the specified lowest minimum top weight of 60.0 kilos on all horses in the rating related scale of weights of 50.0 – 62.5 with overlapping of weights of 2.5 kilos in all the classes or groups of rating bands, B.T.C. may decide to decouple the multi point system of overlapping of weights in all classes and lighten the burden of weights as an incentive to higher class horses running in the lower class that in effect benefits the lower class horses running in the same class by lowering their rating related weights by up to 2.5 kilos in the lower class at the handicap stage and acceptance stage in all the handicap races.
Then the rules of racing may specify, that the handicapper shall lower the weights of all Acceptors in all handicap races by up to 2.5 kilos or five points of half of a kilo each unless specified otherwise, provided, however, both the specified lowest minimum top weight of 60.0 kilos and the lowest minimum bottom weight of 50.0 kilos shall always be as is specified in the rules of racing.
And in case there is an Acceptor horse with specified lowest minimum bottom weight at 50.0 kilos corresponding to their individual ratings, the weights shall not be lowered.
However in order to lighten the burden of weights of highly rated horses and provide opportunities to them, a few races are currently framed and still be continued in the highest rating related class with explicit provisions in the terms and conditions of the race that the top weight assigned shall not exceed 62.5 kilos as also few races are also sometimes framed for horses rated 85 and above or 90 and above.
Similarly, in order to provide fair opportunities for the horses rated below 0 point, a few races are framed for horses rated 25 and below or sometimes for horses rated 20 and below in the lowest rating related class may be framed. But all such races in the highest rated class and in the lowest rated class are few and far between and are negligible in number for such races are meant only to cater to the local needs.
Indeed, there are many methods, but in a transparent system of handicapping the answer to our needs are “only the one” that lightens our task of spot calculations and also does proud to the Handicapper in his endeavor who forever attempts to equalize the chances of all horses in the field by making them to carry the weights as related to their individual ratings on a constant scale in most of the races.
In this respect B.TC is never ever second to any and therefore as a measure of transparency the Ratings of all horses under training including three year old horses are always published in advance at the beginning of every new racing season.
And the Ready Reckoner of Rating Related Weights or the Table of Rating Related Weights published by the handicapper indicates the likely minimum weights to be carried by the horses in relation to their individual ratings on the constant scale of rating related weights in all handicap races before adjustment of the same by the handicapper as is specified in the rules of racing.
Thereafter the revised ratings of the horses that ran in a race, the ratings of horses that go out of station and return back, the ratings of horses that arrive from out stations as also the ratings of all the newly rated horses that are published soon after the races on every race day, will indicate the likely weights to be carried by them on the constant scale of weights in relation to their individual ratings in their next attempt.
The individual ratings of all horses are indicated along with the weights allotted at all the stages of handicapping and if the assigned weights of the horses in any event, have been raised or lowered in relation to their ratings related weights on the constant scale of rating related at the handicap stage or acceptance stage or both, the same is systemically indicated under such events.
The same is indicated in the Handicaps as weights raised or weights lowered at the handicap stage and again in the Acceptances as weights raised or lowered at handicap stage and the acceptance stage, if any, either separately or cumulatively that indicates the total of the amount of weights raised or lowered at the handicap stage plus the amount of weights raised or lowered at the acceptance stage if any.
And the final declarations as published in the race cards indicate the same as weights raised or lowered at the handicap stage plus weights raised or lowered at the acceptance stage separately but the individual ratings of the horses remain the same, without any change, despite adjustment of assigned weights.
In other words, if the amount of weights so raised is deducted from the assigned weights of the horses or if the amount of weights so lowered is added to the assigned weights of the horses, what will be derived is the actual weights of the horses as related to their individual ratings on the scale of weights in that event.
And that is the reason the individual ratings of the horses and the weight differentials between the horses remains constant without a change and only the weights go up in such races in a fixed rating related class band or class system where the weights are raised at the handicap stage and again at the acceptance stage as is specified in the rules of racing.
Similarly, the individual ratings of the horses and the weight differentials between the horses also remains constant without a change and only the weights go down in such races where the weights are lowered at the handicap stage and at the acceptance stage as is specified in the rules of racing.
The result charts of all races which is post race  race card and that indicate the finishing position of all horses, assigned weights and actual weights carried, beaten lengths between the horses and the beaten distances from the winner to the last horse, the final time of the race and the finishing time of every horse at the winning post until the last horse, ratings and revised ratings of all horses besides the race day reports that indicate all those things that happen during the races, the details about the deliberations of the stewards and their decisions are some of the other important information amongst many published soon after the races, that keeps the professionals and the public well informed.
However the running position of all horses at the top of the stretch or at the final turn to the winning post besides the fractional timings at every 200 meters of the race are provided only by the race day publications but these are not official though it can be so as and when facilities within BTC are available.
The Race cards also indicate the name of the highest rated horse entered in a race along with their own ratings and the assigned weight of that horse at the handicap stage in that race and also indicate the name of the lowest rated horse entered in that race along with their own ratings and the assigned weight of that horse at the handicap stage in that race.
Also the rules of racing specifies that the weights as related to the ratings of 28 points on the scale of weights where one point is equal to one half of a kilo each will be the stating point for 2/3 year old colts and geldings on debut and for fillies it will be 25 points on the scale of weights and the winning horses will be rated from 42 45 at the bottom of class III.
The winning horses are generally penalized by 4.0 kilos after the first win, 7.0 kilos after the second win and 9.0 kilos after the third win in all the 2/3 year old terms penalty races. The starting ratings of unraced 2/3 year old horses on debut will remain unchanged at 28 and 25 points of half of a kilo each.
And other horses after running in two or three maiden terms races or as and when they are allowed to run in the handicap races if they are not already rated they will be rated and shall be allotted the weights as related to their ratings on the scale of weights where one point is equal to one half of a kilo each on the continuous rating related scale of weights of 50.0 – 62.5 kilos with overlapping of weights of 2.5 kilos from 60.0  62.5 kilos.
However this may periodically be changed at the beginning of every new racing season and hence one should confirm the same from the authorities at BTC or find out on your own from the handicaps published over a period of time.
Already BTC rating related scale of weights are followed as a common rating related scale of weights for BTC, RCTC and Mysore Race club. Similarly Delhi Race Club follows the RWITC rules and regulations. Never the less a common rating related scale of weights for all the race clubs is need of the hour.
And until official one comes up, you may have to assume one and in that if the horses are classified into five rating related groups or classes in the scale of 47.5  62.5 kilos with overlapping of weights of 5.0 kilos from the point of the weight of 57.5 – 62.5 kilos in all the rating related classes and the ratings are in numerical points where one point is equal to half of a kilo each, it would help the professional and patrons of all the racing centers enormously, in their spot calculations.
Then the rating band of each of the five rating related classes will be moving progressively from 0 point at the bottom weight of 47.5 kilos and 5 points at the specified lowest minimum bottom weight of 50.0 kilos in the lowest rating related class of 0530, 202550, 404570, 60 6590 and 80 85105 and upwards at the point of the specified lowest minimum top weight of 60.0 kilos and 80 85110 points and upwards at the top weight of 62.5 kilos of the highest rating related class. Or it may even be classified as handicap races, for horses rated up to 30 in class V, 50 in class IV, 70 in class III, 90 in class in class II and 85 and upwards in class I.
And the continuous ratings spread over five rating related groups or classes will start from 0 at the point of the lowest weight of 47.5 kilos and will be 5 points at the point of lowest minimum bottom weight of 50.0 kilos of the lowest rating related group or class moving upwards progressively to 105 points at the point of lowest minimum top weight of 60.0 kilos and 110 points at the top weight of 62.5 of the highest rating related group or class.
And thereafter in the highest rating related class the ratings of the horses will continue upwards progressively in the same rating related class from the point of 62.5 kilos, if the ratings related weights of the horses so warrants and in the lowest rating related class the ratings of horses will continue downwards below the point of 47.5 kilos in the negative figures or in minus points if the rating related weights of the horses so warrants.
And the entire rating related scale of weights of 47.5 – 62.5 kilos with overlapping of weights of 5.0 kilos in each class from the point of the weights of 57.5 – 62.5 kilos spread over five classes has been compressed effectively into10 x5=50 +5 kilos or 20x5=100+10 points of half a kilo each.
So just add 5 points to the current ratings of BTC, Mysore race club, and 4 points to RCTC in the current rating related scale of weights of 50.0  62.5 with overlapping of 2.5 in all the classes, to synchronize the ratings of all horses, in the common scale of rating related weights 47.5 – 62.5 kilos with overlapping of weights of 5.0 kilos. And what you get will be the same rating related weights unchanged in the scale of weights of 47.5 – 62.5 with overlapping of 5 kilos from 57.0  62.5 kilos in all the rating related classes. Similarly you can 4 points to the ratings of RWITC in order to neutralize the rating related scale of weights. And that may help comparative weight handicapping whenever inter venue horses meet in common races.
Rating Related Classes AS ON 1  11  2013 
MUM, Pune & Delhi 
BNG & Mysore 
KOLKATA 
HYDERABAD 
IDEAL 
I  80&Up 
I 80 & abo 
I 81&Abo 
75100 Abo  C1 Ct1 
I  85105&abo 
II 6086 
II 6085 
II6186 
Up to 75  C2 Ct2 
II 90&below 
III 4066 
III 4065 
III4166 
Up to 50  C3 Ct3a 
III 70&below 
IV 2046 
IV 2045 
IV2146 
Up to 25  C4 Ct3b 
IV 50&below 
V 0126 
V 0025 
V 0126 

V 30&below 
ScaleMUM/PUNE/DELHI 

Bangalore/Mysore/ Kolkatta 
Hyderabad 
Proposed Common for All 
49.059.0+3.062.0 

50.060.0+2.562.5 
50.062.5 2.5 60.0 
50.062.52.5 
Courtesy: Spot the Winner with Success 