- The poll is the bony prominence lying between the ears. Except for the ears, it is the highest point on the horse's body when standing up.
- The forelock is the hair that covers the forehead and that grows from the poll area. It must not be confused with the fetlock.
- The withers is the prominent ridge where the neck and back join. At this ridge, powerful muscles of the neck and shoulder attach to elongated spines of the second to the sixth thoracic vertebrae. The height of the horse is measured vertically from the withers to the ground, because the withers is the horse's highest constant point.
- The back extends from the base of the withers to where the last rib is attached.
- The loin (or coupling) is the short area joining the back to the powerful muscular croup (rump).
- The croup (rump) lies between the loin and the tail. When one is looking from the side or back, it is the highest point of the hindquarters.
- The dock is the bony portion of the tail that tapers to a point about one-third of the way down the tail.
- The cheat is encased by the ribs, extending from between the forelegs to the`s.
- The breast is a muscle mass between the forelegs, covering the front of the chest.
- The is the area below the the loin, between the last rib and the massive muscles of the thigh.
POINT OF THE
- The point of the shoulder is a hard, bony prominence surrounded by heavy muscle masses. It is approximately level with the intersection of the lower line of the neck and body.
- The elbow is a bony prominence lying against the chest at the beginning of the forearm.
- The forearm extends from the elbow to the knee.
- The chestnuts are horny growths on the insides of the legs, located approximately halfway down.
- The knee is the joint between the forearm and the cannon bone.
- The cannon bone (or
shin), as it's called when in the foreleg, lies between the knee and the
fetlock, and is visible from the front.
- The flexor (back) tendons run from the knee to the fetlock and can be seen lying behind the cannon bone.
- The fetlock is the joint between the cannon bone and the pastern.
- The ergot is a horny growth at the back of the fetlock, hidden by a tuft of hair.
- The pastern extends from the fetlock to the top of the hoof (coronet)
- The coronet is a band around the top of the hoof from which the hoof wall grows.
- The hoof refers to the horny
wall and sole of the foot. The foot includes the horny structure and the pedal
and navicular bones, as well as other connective tissues.
- The heels are the bulbs at
the back of the hoof and while horny in texture, they are often softer than
normal hoof wall.
POINT OF HIP
- The point of hip is a bony prominence lying just forward below the croup. This is not the hip joint.
- The stifle is a join at the end of the thigh corresponding to the human knee.
- The gaskin (second thigh) is the region between the stifle and hock.
HOCK - The hock is the joint between the gaskin and the cannon bone. The bony protuberance at the back is called the point of hock. It may be easily injured, especially when the horse kicks.