Whose Role Is Important In Racing And Winning?By S C SHARMA | 07-Jul-2019
Today horse racing in India is a very big hundred and hundreds crore rupees insustry with thousands of thoroughbreds and hundreds of stud farms and the racing activity is continuing almost throughout the year. Racing is a effortless revenue riser to the governments and race clubs though after the introduction of GST the collections are fallen down and so also revenue. The racing activity of nine race clubs in our country are supervised and monitored by six turf authorities.
In horse racing everyone wants to win, but in winning of horses whose role is important ? The short description is -
I) HORSE: All horse’s know how to run and it is inherent in their blood and nature by birth keenness for running either in straight lines or in open place. As thoroughbred horses only allowed to run in flat horse racing they require special and separate training as per the racing competition and requirements. Breaking and training of the newly born starts any time after 1yr and their racing career starts around the age of 2yr. For racing purpose the date and age of the thoroughbred is set by calendar rather than the actual birth date. The youngster horses reach to their pick form by the age they are 4 yr old and good horses prefer to retire any time after the age of 6 yr as per the decision of trainer and owner. 3 to 7 year old horses are compared with human age years between 18 to 28. Thoroughbreds are purchased at stud farms in private sale or at public auction conducted by race clubs.
The purchase price of a horse depends upon bloodline and the performance record of Sire ( Stallion ) and Dam ( Mares ). Similarly if a female horse wins more number of races or wins or places in classic races the breeding value will be increased to manifold. Thoroughbreds are given training for running as per urgings ( slow or fast running ) and to accelate the speed whenever asked for by reminder of urgings and by cracking whip. Trainers groom them accordingly and instruct the jockeys to guide the horse accordingly and extract the best.
II) OWNER : He is the one who invest money for purchase of good horses and take care of monthly training, feeding and other management related expenses including medical care, which cost him between 20 to 30 thousand per month per horse. Owner unconditionally trust and support trainer and establish good contacts with him and jockey to get best result. He often visit on tracks and to stables to ascertain progress details of the horse and get acquainted with other updates and racing activities which help him to decide future engagements of the horse. Horse can be purchased individually or in partnership with maximum four partners in a horse. Now a day’s racing syndicates are becoming popular to share the increasing cost and maintainence of thoroughbreds wherein limit of 10 partners is permitted but to be represented by one for practical purposes.
III) TRAINER: The breaking and training services of young thoroughbreds are carried by license holder trainers who are well acquainted with all matters pertaining to a race horse. It is the duty and responsibility of the trainer to supervise the daily care and conditioning of the horses at stables and on track and properly prepare them for competition on race track. He will ensure the horse receives proper training, feeding including nutrition value diet and proper veterinary attention. He spare maximum time at track and at stable and gather maximum information and feedback from various concerned persons including riding boys, jockeys, syeces and stable zamadars to further improve his wards. Trainer’s role is important for —Plan workouts,entries in appropriate races,race strategy,maintenance and management of all related activities including judging the capacity, speed and stamina of the horse and keep them racing fit and injury and disease free.
IV) JOCKEY: Jockeys give exercises to horses and ride them in races. They are responsible for maintaining riding equipment’s including helmets,saddles,boots,whips,elastic girth’s, goggles and riding pants. They need to aware about horse’s abilities and follow the riding instructions of the trainer and if situation demands they can take their own decisions according to the pace of the race. Jockeys have to be athletic, light weight, fit and trim and posses of required riding skills.
Whip is a tool to jockeys to use in case of nessesity to remind the horse to accelerate the speed and gain crucial momentum. Whips are not to be used excessively if the horse is not responding or to cause injury or to simply beat the horse. If jockeys are found using the whip not in accordance with prescribed limitations and restrictions than they can be warned, fined or whips can be denied or withdrawn for a specific time period
The results of any race depends upon the above four, how they work hard and work as a team with better understanding and planning and strategies.
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